Savitribai Phule the First Women Teacher in India


We all remember our teachers who inspired and educated us during our school and college days but we should also know about the teachers who changed the way students and their parents thought about education.

In past parents use to think that girl child should not be educated because there is no use of education for them and hence they never thought about sending the girl child to school or any other educational get-together.

But then people like Savitribai Phule came forward and started first women’s School in Bhide Wada in Pune in 1948 and she also became the first women teacher in India.

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First Women Teacher in India

Savitribai Phule or Savitribai Jyotirao Phule, born in 03 January 1931 was a social reformer and poet.

Read more about savitribai phule in marathi.

Childhood

Savitribai Phule was born in 1931 in Naigaon, Maharashtra. Her parents were farmers and due to society & cultural beliefs they married their daughter to Jyotirao Phule in 1940 when she was just at the age of (9) nine years and her husband at the age of (12) twelve years).

This couple don’t had their own child and that’s why they adopted Yashavantrao, who was the son of a widowed Brahmin lady.

Career as Social & Educational Reformer

During the 1930-40 in India society beliefs towards women, their education and marriage were completely opposite in comparison to 21st century.

At that time male members belonging to rich family and caste were free to do sexual exploitation, rape and other sins because of the easy prey orders by the village panchayat or even British governed law and order.

But the Phule couple opposed those beliefs and culture, they convinced the villagers to educate their girl child for their bright future, they gone on strike for supporting the widow women’s and convinced barbers for not saving their heads after the death of their husband.

Poems by Savitribai Phule

She was dedicated towards social and educational reforms and to motivate and convince the people support her against discrimination, and those poems are as listed below :-

  1. Go Get Education
  2. Be Self-reliant, be industrious
  3. Work, gather wisdom and riches
  4. All gets lost without knowledge
  5. We become animal without wisdom
  6. Sit idle no more, go, get education
  7. End misery of the oppressed and forsaken
  8. You’ve got a golden chance to learn
  9. So learn and break the chains of caste
  10. Throw away the Brahman’s scriptures fast

Death

She was working with her son Yashavantrao who opened a clinic to treat those who were effected by plague around 1897.

Clinic was established out of the city Pune and Savitribai personally took patients at her son’s clinic so he could treat them. While caring one of the patient she contracted to this deadly disease herself and died on 10 March 1897.

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