Teaching has always held a place of pride in Indian social philosophy. Over the recent years, government has been spending in the social sector which in return has increased the number of teaching jobs.
The pay scale of the government teachers keep on increasing with time. Additionally, the government teachers have a secured future as even after retirement, they avail the benefits of pension.
The government teacher’s job is highly secured with the opportunity of increments. There is a huge scope of promotion in this field, an individual can achieve his/her target with their abilities and qualifications. The 7th Pay Commission recommendations have improved the pay scales, and that has provided huge incentives to those looking for a career in teaching.
Additional reasons for choosing teaching as a career could be the aspirants’ interest in the subject, will for a secured professional career and regular annual vacations. It can also be a second career for those who have retired from professional services.
Also read: Government Job Vs Private Job
As a profession, teaching is divided into many capacities of specializations, each requiring different skill-sets and employing a different method of training. Some of the major areas of specialization include teaching at nursery schools, middle schools, high schools, colleges- universities, institutes, and special schools (for students with specific needs).
There are many openings in the field of teaching in government services. For a government teaching job, one has to qualify CTET. Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET/TET) is must for someone aspiring to pursue career as a government teacher.
The selection process for teachers varies from state to state. Most of the State Government’s Education Board conducts mandatory Entrance Examination of Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) for recruiting qualified Teachers in Government/Government Aided schools from Class 1 to Class 8.
Top courses to pursue a career as a Government Teacher Job:
- Bachelor of Education (B. Ed)
- Pre School Teacher Education Program
- Nursery Teacher Education Program
- Elementary Teacher Education Program
- Diploma in Education (D.Ed)
- Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)
- Physical Education Program (C.P.Ed.)
Bachelor of Education (B. Ed)
Duration: Previously, the duration of B.Ed course was one year but now it has been increased to two years. This course can be pursued full-time or through distance learning.
Eligibility: Aspirant must have done BA (Bachelor of Arts), B.Com (Bachelor of Commerce), B.Sc (Bachelor of Science) or any other graduation level degree from any recognized university or college. Students should have obtained at least 50% marks in graduation level. You can also join B.Ed degree after pursuing a master’s degree.
Scope: After earning B.Ed degree, you will be eligible to get job in secondary and higher secondary schools. In a government school, a trained graduate teacher can earn a salary more than INR 3 Lacs per annum and a post graduate teacher can get a salary of INR 4.5 Lacs per annum.
Pre School Teacher Education Program
Duration: 6 months to 1 year. This course can be pursued full-time or through distance learning.
Eligibility: Aspirant should be at least 10th pass or equivalent in qualification.
Scope: A Preschool Teacher, (but not Special Education) earns an average salary of INR 1.7 Lacs per annum.
Nursery Teacher Education Program
Duration: Most institutes have this course for one year but the duration usually varies from one institute to another. Many institutes provide this program as a part time course.
Eligibility: Aspirant should be at least 12th pass out or equivalent in qualification with minimum 55% marks.
Scope: Depending on the location, initial pay scale of nursery teachers in state run or affiliated schools varies from 7000-10000 per month.
Elementary Teacher Education Program
Duration: This program is necessary to become a teacher at school level. The duration is of 2 years in most institutes but may vary. IGNOU offers distance learning program as well.
Eligibility: Aspirant should be at least 12th pass or equivalent in qualification with minimum 60% marks.
Scope: Average pay for government school elementary class teacher is INR 2.3 Lacs per annum.
Diploma in Education (D.Ed)
Duration: It is a 2 year course. Distance education courses are also there at various colleges of the country
Eligibility: Minimum qualification to apply in D.Ed course is 12th pass or equivalent with minimum 50 % marks.
Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)
Duration: It is a four year degree program and can be pursued for distance from IGNOU.
Eligibility: 10+2 with minimum 50%
Scope: A teacher in central school teaching primary classes gets a starting pay package of Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 25,000. Starting package in State government schools vary between Rs. 15-20000 per month.
Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed.)
Duration: The course is 3 years long. Certain universities offer B.P.Ed course as a one year program as well.
Eligibility: The pre-requisite for the one-year B.P.Ed course is a graduation in any streams. For pursuing the three-year B.P.Ed course, aspirants should complete the intermediate course from a recognized Board or institute. This course is not available as distance learning.
Scope: Physical Education graduates can expect salary of around INR 10000 per month. The pay scale may vary with experience, area of employment and designations.
Formal training is a must to become a government school teacher. One has to acquire degree/Diploma level education to become a teacher in government schools and colleges. PhD or UGC -NET qualified examination is required for teaching at degree level disciplines. Suggestive courses to become a qualified government teacher are listed below:
- Pre-Primary Teacher: Diploma of Early childhood care and Education (ECCE)/NTT /equivalents)
- Elementary Teacher: Diploma of Elementary Teacher Education (ETE/D.Ed/BTC etc.)
- Secondary Teacher: Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) after BA/B.Com/B.Sc. etc.
- Senior Secondary Teacher: Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) after MA/M.Com./MSc./equivalents
- Higher Education: Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D), / National Eligibility Test (NET)/State level eligibility Test (SLET) in any discipline for entry level of College/University Teacher/Lecturer/Asstt. Professor.
With right knowledge, awareness, education and skills, you may get a dream-like job with loads of perks and privileges. Also, a ‘Guru’ acquires the same place as ‘Dev’, making it one of the most respected and preferred professions.